Commit edb5cd0d authored by sam marshall's avatar sam marshall
Browse files

MDL-69687 DB: Add API for deleting data based on subquery

The new API works on normal databases (by deleting data based on the
subquery) and also on MySQL (by deleting the data using a weird join
on the subquery).
parent 149fdcf0
......@@ -2038,6 +2038,29 @@ abstract class moodle_database {
return $this->delete_records_select($table, $select, $params);
}
/**
* Deletes records from a table using a subquery. The subquery should return a list of values
* in a single column, which match one field from the table being deleted.
*
* The $alias parameter must be set to the name of the single column in your subquery result
* (e.g. if the subquery is 'SELECT id FROM whatever', then it should be 'id'). This is not
* needed on most databases, but MySQL requires it.
*
* (On database where the subquery is inefficient, it is implemented differently.)
*
* @param string $table Table to delete from
* @param string $field Field in table to match
* @param string $alias Name of single column in subquery e.g. 'id'
* @param string $subquery Subquery that will return values of the field to delete
* @param array $params Parameters for subquery
* @throws dml_exception If there is any error
* @since Moodle 3.10
*/
public function delete_records_subquery(string $table, string $field, string $alias,
string $subquery, array $params = []): void {
$this->delete_records_select($table, $field . ' IN (' . $subquery . ')', $params);
}
/**
* Delete one or more records from a table which match a particular WHERE clause.
*
......
......@@ -1688,6 +1688,23 @@ class mysqli_native_moodle_database extends moodle_database {
return true;
}
/**
* Deletes records using a subquery, which is done with a strange DELETE...JOIN syntax in MySQL
* because it performs very badly with normal subqueries.
*
* @param string $table Table to delete from
* @param string $field Field in table to match
* @param string $alias Name of single column in subquery e.g. 'id'
* @param string $subquery Query that will return values of the field to delete
* @param array $params Parameters for query
* @throws dml_exception If there is any error
*/
public function delete_records_subquery(string $table, string $field, string $alias, string $subquery, array $params = []): void {
// Aliases mysql_deltable and mysql_subquery are chosen to be unlikely to conflict.
$this->execute("DELETE mysql_deltable FROM {" . $table . "} mysql_deltable JOIN " .
"($subquery) mysql_subquery ON mysql_subquery.$alias = mysql_deltable.$field", $params);
}
public function sql_cast_char2int($fieldname, $text=false) {
return ' CAST(' . $fieldname . ' AS SIGNED) ';
}
......
......@@ -3491,6 +3491,29 @@ EOD;
$this->assertEquals(1, $DB->count_records($tablename));
}
public function test_delete_records_subquery() {
$DB = $this->tdb;
$dbman = $DB->get_manager();
$table = $this->get_test_table();
$tablename = $table->getName();
$table->add_field('id', XMLDB_TYPE_INTEGER, '10', null, XMLDB_NOTNULL, XMLDB_SEQUENCE, null);
$table->add_field('course', XMLDB_TYPE_INTEGER, '10', null, XMLDB_NOTNULL, null, '0');
$table->add_key('primary', XMLDB_KEY_PRIMARY, array('id'));
$dbman->create_table($table);
$DB->insert_record($tablename, array('course' => 3));
$DB->insert_record($tablename, array('course' => 2));
$DB->insert_record($tablename, array('course' => 2));
// This is not a useful scenario for using a subquery, but it will be sufficient for testing.
// Use the 'frog' alias just to make it clearer when we are testing the alias parameter.
$DB->delete_records_subquery($tablename, 'id', 'frog',
'SELECT id AS frog FROM {' . $tablename . '} WHERE course = ?', [2]);
$this->assertEquals(1, $DB->count_records($tablename));
}
public function test_delete_records_list() {
$DB = $this->tdb;
$dbman = $DB->get_manager();
......
......@@ -56,6 +56,8 @@ information provided here is intended especially for developers.
a callback to be provided to determine whether page can be accessed.
* New setting $CFG->localtempdir overrides which defaults to sys_get_temp_dir()
* Function redirect() now emits a line of backtrace into the X-Redirect-By header when debugging is on
* New DML function $DB->delete_records_subquery() to delete records based on a subquery in a way
that will work across databases.
=== 3.9 ===
* Following function has been deprecated, please use \core\task\manager::run_from_cli().
......
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