badgeslib.php 43.1 KB
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<?php
// This file is part of Moodle - http://moodle.org/
//
// Moodle is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.
//
// Moodle is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with Moodle.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

/**
 * Contains classes, functions and constants used in badges.
 *
 * @package    core
 * @subpackage badges
 * @copyright  2012 onwards Totara Learning Solutions Ltd {@link http://www.totaralms.com/}
 * @license    http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
 * @author     Yuliya Bozhko <yuliya.bozhko@totaralms.com>
 */

defined('MOODLE_INTERNAL') || die();

/* Include required award criteria library. */
require_once($CFG->dirroot . '/badges/criteria/award_criteria.php');

/*
 * Number of records per page.
*/
define('BADGE_PERPAGE', 50);

/*
 * Badge award criteria aggregation method.
 */
define('BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ALL', 1);

/*
 * Badge award criteria aggregation method.
 */
define('BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ANY', 2);

/*
 * Inactive badge means that this badge cannot be earned and has not been awarded
 * yet. Its award criteria can be changed.
 */
define('BADGE_STATUS_INACTIVE', 0);

/*
 * Active badge means that this badge can we earned, but it has not been awarded
 * yet. Can be deactivated for the purpose of changing its criteria.
 */
define('BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE', 1);

/*
 * Inactive badge can no longer be earned, but it has been awarded in the past and
 * therefore its criteria cannot be changed.
 */
define('BADGE_STATUS_INACTIVE_LOCKED', 2);

/*
 * Active badge means that it can be earned and has already been awarded to users.
 * Its criteria cannot be changed any more.
 */
define('BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE_LOCKED', 3);

/*
 * Archived badge is considered deleted and can no longer be earned and is not
 * displayed in the list of all badges.
 */
define('BADGE_STATUS_ARCHIVED', 4);

/*
 * Badge type for site badges.
 */
define('BADGE_TYPE_SITE', 1);

/*
 * Badge type for course badges.
 */
define('BADGE_TYPE_COURSE', 2);

/*
 * Badge messaging schedule options.
 */
define('BADGE_MESSAGE_NEVER', 0);
define('BADGE_MESSAGE_ALWAYS', 1);
define('BADGE_MESSAGE_DAILY', 2);
define('BADGE_MESSAGE_WEEKLY', 3);
define('BADGE_MESSAGE_MONTHLY', 4);

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/*
 * URL of backpack. Currently only the Open Badges backpack is supported.
 */
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define('BADGE_BACKPACKURL', 'https://backpack.openbadges.org');
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/**
 * Class that represents badge.
 *
 */
class badge {
    /** @var int Badge id */
    public $id;

    /** Values from the table 'badge' */
    public $name;
    public $description;
    public $timecreated;
    public $timemodified;
    public $usercreated;
    public $usermodified;
    public $issuername;
    public $issuerurl;
    public $issuercontact;
    public $expiredate;
    public $expireperiod;
    public $type;
    public $courseid;
    public $message;
    public $messagesubject;
    public $attachment;
    public $notification;
    public $status = 0;
    public $nextcron;

    /** @var array Badge criteria */
    public $criteria = array();

    /**
     * Constructs with badge details.
     *
     * @param int $badgeid badge ID.
     */
    public function __construct($badgeid) {
        global $DB;
        $this->id = $badgeid;

        $data = $DB->get_record('badge', array('id' => $badgeid));

        if (empty($data)) {
            print_error('error:nosuchbadge', 'badges', $badgeid);
        }

        foreach ((array)$data as $field => $value) {
            if (property_exists($this, $field)) {
                $this->{$field} = $value;
            }
        }

        $this->criteria = self::get_criteria();
    }

    /**
     * Use to get context instance of a badge.
     * @return context instance.
     */
    public function get_context() {
        if ($this->type == BADGE_TYPE_SITE) {
            return context_system::instance();
        } else if ($this->type == BADGE_TYPE_COURSE) {
            return context_course::instance($this->courseid);
        } else {
            debugging('Something is wrong...');
        }
    }

    /**
     * Return array of aggregation methods
     * @return array
     */
    public static function get_aggregation_methods() {
        return array(
                BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ALL => get_string('all', 'badges'),
                BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ANY => get_string('any', 'badges'),
        );
    }

    /**
     * Return array of accepted criteria types for this badge
     * @return array
     */
    public function get_accepted_criteria() {
        $criteriatypes = array();

        if ($this->type == BADGE_TYPE_COURSE) {
            $criteriatypes = array(
                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL,
                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_MANUAL,
                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_COURSE,
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                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_BADGE,
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                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_ACTIVITY
            );
        } else if ($this->type == BADGE_TYPE_SITE) {
            $criteriatypes = array(
                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL,
                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_MANUAL,
                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_COURSESET,
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                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_BADGE,
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                    BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_PROFILE,
            );
        }

        return $criteriatypes;
    }

    /**
     * Save/update badge information in 'badge' table only.
     * Cannot be used for updating awards and criteria settings.
     *
     * @return bool Returns true on success.
     */
    public function save() {
        global $DB;

        $fordb = new stdClass();
        foreach (get_object_vars($this) as $k => $v) {
            $fordb->{$k} = $v;
        }
        unset($fordb->criteria);

        $fordb->timemodified = time();
        if ($DB->update_record_raw('badge', $fordb)) {
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            // Trigger event, badge updated.
            $eventparams = array('objectid' => $this->id, 'context' => $this->get_context());
            $event = \core\event\badge_updated::create($eventparams);
            $event->trigger();
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            return true;
        } else {
            throw new moodle_exception('error:save', 'badges');
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Creates and saves a clone of badge with all its properties.
     * Clone is not active by default and has 'Copy of' attached to its name.
     *
     * @return int ID of new badge.
     */
    public function make_clone() {
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        global $DB, $USER, $PAGE;
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        $fordb = new stdClass();
        foreach (get_object_vars($this) as $k => $v) {
            $fordb->{$k} = $v;
        }

        $fordb->name = get_string('copyof', 'badges', $this->name);
        $fordb->status = BADGE_STATUS_INACTIVE;
        $fordb->usercreated = $USER->id;
        $fordb->usermodified = $USER->id;
        $fordb->timecreated = time();
        $fordb->timemodified = time();
        unset($fordb->id);

        if ($fordb->notification > 1) {
            $fordb->nextcron = badges_calculate_message_schedule($fordb->notification);
        }

        $criteria = $fordb->criteria;
        unset($fordb->criteria);

        if ($new = $DB->insert_record('badge', $fordb, true)) {
            $newbadge = new badge($new);

            // Copy badge image.
            $fs = get_file_storage();
            if ($file = $fs->get_file($this->get_context()->id, 'badges', 'badgeimage', $this->id, '/', 'f1.png')) {
                if ($imagefile = $file->copy_content_to_temp()) {
                    badges_process_badge_image($newbadge, $imagefile);
                }
            }

            // Copy badge criteria.
            foreach ($this->criteria as $crit) {
                $crit->make_clone($new);
            }

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            // Trigger event, badge duplicated.
            $eventparams = array('objectid' => $new, 'context' => $PAGE->context);
            $event = \core\event\badge_duplicated::create($eventparams);
            $event->trigger();

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            return $new;
        } else {
            throw new moodle_exception('error:clone', 'badges');
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Checks if badges is active.
     * Used in badge award.
     *
     * @return bool A status indicating badge is active
     */
    public function is_active() {
        if (($this->status == BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE) ||
            ($this->status == BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE_LOCKED)) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Use to get the name of badge status.
     *
     */
    public function get_status_name() {
        return get_string('badgestatus_' . $this->status, 'badges');
    }

    /**
     * Use to set badge status.
     * Only active badges can be earned/awarded/issued.
     *
     * @param int $status Status from BADGE_STATUS constants
     */
    public function set_status($status = 0) {
        $this->status = $status;
        $this->save();
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        if ($status == BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE) {
            // Trigger event, badge enabled.
            $eventparams = array('objectid' => $this->id, 'context' => $this->get_context());
            $event = \core\event\badge_enabled::create($eventparams);
            $event->trigger();
        } else if ($status == BADGE_STATUS_INACTIVE) {
            // Trigger event, badge disabled.
            $eventparams = array('objectid' => $this->id, 'context' => $this->get_context());
            $event = \core\event\badge_disabled::create($eventparams);
            $event->trigger();
        }
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    }

    /**
     * Checks if badges is locked.
     * Used in badge award and editing.
     *
     * @return bool A status indicating badge is locked
     */
    public function is_locked() {
        if (($this->status == BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE_LOCKED) ||
                ($this->status == BADGE_STATUS_INACTIVE_LOCKED)) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Checks if badge has been awarded to users.
     * Used in badge editing.
     *
     * @return bool A status indicating badge has been awarded at least once
     */
    public function has_awards() {
        global $DB;
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        $awarded = $DB->record_exists_sql('SELECT b.uniquehash
                    FROM {badge_issued} b INNER JOIN {user} u ON b.userid = u.id
                    WHERE b.badgeid = :badgeid AND u.deleted = 0', array('badgeid' => $this->id));

        return $awarded;
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    }

    /**
     * Gets list of users who have earned an instance of this badge.
     *
     * @return array An array of objects with information about badge awards.
     */
    public function get_awards() {
        global $DB;

        $awards = $DB->get_records_sql(
                'SELECT b.userid, b.dateissued, b.uniquehash, u.firstname, u.lastname
                    FROM {badge_issued} b INNER JOIN {user} u
                        ON b.userid = u.id
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                    WHERE b.badgeid = :badgeid AND u.deleted = 0', array('badgeid' => $this->id));
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        return $awards;
    }

    /**
     * Indicates whether badge has already been issued to a user.
     *
     */
    public function is_issued($userid) {
        global $DB;
        return $DB->record_exists('badge_issued', array('badgeid' => $this->id, 'userid' => $userid));
    }

    /**
     * Issue a badge to user.
     *
     * @param int $userid User who earned the badge
     * @param bool $nobake Not baking actual badges (for testing purposes)
     */
    public function issue($userid, $nobake = false) {
        global $DB, $CFG;

        $now = time();
        $issued = new stdClass();
        $issued->badgeid = $this->id;
        $issued->userid = $userid;
        $issued->uniquehash = sha1(rand() . $userid . $this->id . $now);
        $issued->dateissued = $now;

        if ($this->can_expire()) {
            $issued->dateexpire = $this->calculate_expiry($now);
        } else {
            $issued->dateexpire = null;
        }

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        // Take into account user badges privacy settings.
        // If none set, badges default visibility is set to public.
        $issued->visible = get_user_preferences('badgeprivacysetting', 1, $userid);
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        $result = $DB->insert_record('badge_issued', $issued, true);

        if ($result) {
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            // Trigger badge awarded event.
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            $eventdata = array (
                'context' => $this->get_context(),
                'objectid' => $this->id,
                'relateduserid' => $userid,
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                'other' => array('dateexpire' => $issued->dateexpire, 'badgeissuedid' => $result)
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            );
            \core\event\badge_awarded::create($eventdata)->trigger();
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            // Lock the badge, so that its criteria could not be changed any more.
            if ($this->status == BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE) {
                $this->set_status(BADGE_STATUS_ACTIVE_LOCKED);
            }

            // Update details in criteria_met table.
            $compl = $this->get_criteria_completions($userid);
            foreach ($compl as $c) {
                $obj = new stdClass();
                $obj->id = $c->id;
                $obj->issuedid = $result;
                $DB->update_record('badge_criteria_met', $obj, true);
            }

            if (!$nobake) {
                // Bake a badge image.
                $pathhash = badges_bake($issued->uniquehash, $this->id, $userid, true);

                // Notify recipients and badge creators.
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                badges_notify_badge_award($this, $userid, $issued->uniquehash, $pathhash);
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            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Reviews all badge criteria and checks if badge can be instantly awarded.
     *
     * @return int Number of awards
     */
    public function review_all_criteria() {
        global $DB, $CFG;
        $awards = 0;

        // Raise timelimit as this could take a while for big web sites.
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        core_php_time_limit::raise();
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        raise_memory_limit(MEMORY_HUGE);

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        foreach ($this->criteria as $crit) {
            // Overall criterion is decided when other criteria are reviewed.
            if ($crit->criteriatype == BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL) {
                continue;
            }

            list($extrajoin, $extrawhere, $extraparams) = $crit->get_completed_criteria_sql();
            // For site level badges, get all active site users who can earn this badge and haven't got it yet.
            if ($this->type == BADGE_TYPE_SITE) {
                $sql = "SELECT DISTINCT u.id, bi.badgeid
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                        FROM {user} u
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                        {$extrajoin}
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                        LEFT JOIN {badge_issued} bi
                            ON u.id = bi.userid AND bi.badgeid = :badgeid
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                        WHERE bi.badgeid IS NULL AND u.id != :guestid AND u.deleted = 0 " . $extrawhere;
                $params = array_merge(array('badgeid' => $this->id, 'guestid' => $CFG->siteguest), $extraparams);
                $toearn = $DB->get_fieldset_sql($sql, $params);
            } else {
                // For course level badges, get all users who already earned the badge in this course.
                // Then find the ones who are enrolled in the course and don't have a badge yet.
                $earned = $DB->get_fieldset_select('badge_issued', 'userid AS id', 'badgeid = :badgeid', array('badgeid' => $this->id));
                $wheresql = '';
                $earnedparams = array();
                if (!empty($earned)) {
                    list($earnedsql, $earnedparams) = $DB->get_in_or_equal($earned, SQL_PARAMS_NAMED, 'u', false);
                    $wheresql = ' WHERE u.id ' . $earnedsql;
                }
                list($enrolledsql, $enrolledparams) = get_enrolled_sql($this->get_context(), 'moodle/badges:earnbadge', 0, true);
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                $sql = "SELECT DISTINCT u.id
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                        FROM {user} u
                        {$extrajoin}
                        JOIN ({$enrolledsql}) je ON je.id = u.id " . $wheresql . $extrawhere;
                $params = array_merge($enrolledparams, $earnedparams, $extraparams);
                $toearn = $DB->get_fieldset_sql($sql, $params);
            }
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            foreach ($toearn as $uid) {
                $reviewoverall = false;
                if ($crit->review($uid, true)) {
                    $crit->mark_complete($uid);
                    if ($this->criteria[BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL]->method == BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ANY) {
                        $this->criteria[BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL]->mark_complete($uid);
                        $this->issue($uid);
                        $awards++;
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                    } else {
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                        $reviewoverall = true;
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                    }
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                } else {
                    // Will be reviewed some other time.
                    $reviewoverall = false;
                }
                // Review overall if it is required.
                if ($reviewoverall && $this->criteria[BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL]->review($uid)) {
                    $this->criteria[BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL]->mark_complete($uid);
                    $this->issue($uid);
                    $awards++;
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                }
            }
        }

        return $awards;
    }

    /**
     * Gets an array of completed criteria from 'badge_criteria_met' table.
     *
     * @param int $userid Completions for a user
     * @return array Records of criteria completions
     */
    public function get_criteria_completions($userid) {
        global $DB;
        $completions = array();
        $sql = "SELECT bcm.id, bcm.critid
                FROM {badge_criteria_met} bcm
                    INNER JOIN {badge_criteria} bc ON bcm.critid = bc.id
                WHERE bc.badgeid = :badgeid AND bcm.userid = :userid ";
        $completions = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, array('badgeid' => $this->id, 'userid' => $userid));

        return $completions;
    }

    /**
     * Checks if badges has award criteria set up.
     *
     * @return bool A status indicating badge has at least one criterion
     */
    public function has_criteria() {
        if (count($this->criteria) > 0) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Returns badge award criteria
     *
     * @return array An array of badge criteria
     */
    public function get_criteria() {
        global $DB;
        $criteria = array();

        if ($records = (array)$DB->get_records('badge_criteria', array('badgeid' => $this->id))) {
            foreach ($records as $record) {
                $criteria[$record->criteriatype] = award_criteria::build((array)$record);
            }
        }

        return $criteria;
    }

    /**
     * Get aggregation method for badge criteria
     *
     * @param int $criteriatype If none supplied, get overall aggregation method (optional)
     * @return int One of BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ALL or BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ANY
     */
    public function get_aggregation_method($criteriatype = 0) {
        global $DB;
        $params = array('badgeid' => $this->id, 'criteriatype' => $criteriatype);
        $aggregation = $DB->get_field('badge_criteria', 'method', $params, IGNORE_MULTIPLE);

        if (!$aggregation) {
            return BADGE_CRITERIA_AGGREGATION_ALL;
        }

        return $aggregation;
    }

    /**
     * Checks if badge has expiry period or date set up.
     *
     * @return bool A status indicating badge can expire
     */
    public function can_expire() {
        if ($this->expireperiod || $this->expiredate) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Calculates badge expiry date based on either expirydate or expiryperiod.
     *
     * @param int $timestamp Time of badge issue
     * @return int A timestamp
     */
    public function calculate_expiry($timestamp) {
        $expiry = null;

        if (isset($this->expiredate)) {
            $expiry = $this->expiredate;
        } else if (isset($this->expireperiod)) {
            $expiry = $timestamp + $this->expireperiod;
        }

        return $expiry;
    }

    /**
     * Checks if badge has manual award criteria set.
     *
     * @return bool A status indicating badge can be awarded manually
     */
    public function has_manual_award_criteria() {
        foreach ($this->criteria as $criterion) {
            if ($criterion->criteriatype == BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_MANUAL) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
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     * Fully deletes the badge or marks it as archived.
     *
     * @param $archive bool Achive a badge without actual deleting of any data.
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     */
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    public function delete($archive = true) {
        global $DB;

        if ($archive) {
            $this->status = BADGE_STATUS_ARCHIVED;
            $this->save();
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            // Trigger event, badge archived.
            $eventparams = array('objectid' => $this->id, 'context' => $this->get_context());
            $event = \core\event\badge_archived::create($eventparams);
            $event->trigger();
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            return;
        }

        $fs = get_file_storage();

        // Remove all issued badge image files and badge awards.
        // Cannot bulk remove area files here because they are issued in user context.
        $awards = $this->get_awards();
        foreach ($awards as $award) {
            $usercontext = context_user::instance($award->userid);
            $fs->delete_area_files($usercontext->id, 'badges', 'userbadge', $this->id);
        }
        $DB->delete_records('badge_issued', array('badgeid' => $this->id));

        // Remove all badge criteria.
        $criteria = $this->get_criteria();
        foreach ($criteria as $criterion) {
            $criterion->delete();
        }

        // Delete badge images.
        $badgecontext = $this->get_context();
        $fs->delete_area_files($badgecontext->id, 'badges', 'badgeimage', $this->id);

        // Finally, remove badge itself.
        $DB->delete_records('badge', array('id' => $this->id));
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        // Trigger event, badge deleted.
        $eventparams = array('objectid' => $this->id,
            'context' => $this->get_context(),
            'other' => array('badgetype' => $this->type, 'courseid' => $this->courseid)
            );
        $event = \core\event\badge_deleted::create($eventparams);
        $event->trigger();
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    }
}

/**
 * Sends notifications to users about awarded badges.
 *
 * @param badge $badge Badge that was issued
 * @param int $userid Recipient ID
 * @param string $issued Unique hash of an issued badge
 * @param string $filepathhash File path hash of an issued badge for attachments
 */
function badges_notify_badge_award(badge $badge, $userid, $issued, $filepathhash) {
    global $CFG, $DB;

    $admin = get_admin();
    $userfrom = new stdClass();
    $userfrom->id = $admin->id;
    $userfrom->email = !empty($CFG->badges_defaultissuercontact) ? $CFG->badges_defaultissuercontact : $admin->email;
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    foreach (get_all_user_name_fields() as $addname) {
        $userfrom->$addname = !empty($CFG->badges_defaultissuername) ? '' : $admin->$addname;
    }
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    $userfrom->firstname = !empty($CFG->badges_defaultissuername) ? $CFG->badges_defaultissuername : $admin->firstname;
    $userfrom->maildisplay = true;

    $issuedlink = html_writer::link(new moodle_url('/badges/badge.php', array('hash' => $issued)), $badge->name);
    $userto = $DB->get_record('user', array('id' => $userid), '*', MUST_EXIST);

    $params = new stdClass();
    $params->badgename = $badge->name;
    $params->username = fullname($userto);
    $params->badgelink = $issuedlink;
    $message = badge_message_from_template($badge->message, $params);
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    $plaintext = html_to_text($message);
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    // Notify recipient.
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    $eventdata = new \core\message\message();
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    $eventdata->courseid          = is_null($badge->courseid) ? SITEID : $badge->courseid; // Profile/site come with no courseid.
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    $eventdata->component         = 'moodle';
    $eventdata->name              = 'badgerecipientnotice';
    $eventdata->userfrom          = $userfrom;
    $eventdata->userto            = $userto;
    $eventdata->notification      = 1;
    $eventdata->subject           = $badge->messagesubject;
    $eventdata->fullmessage       = $plaintext;
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    $eventdata->fullmessageformat = FORMAT_HTML;
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    $eventdata->fullmessagehtml   = $message;
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    $eventdata->smallmessage      = '';
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    // Attach badge image if possible.
    if (!empty($CFG->allowattachments) && $badge->attachment && is_string($filepathhash)) {
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        $fs = get_file_storage();
        $file = $fs->get_file_by_hash($filepathhash);
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        $eventdata->attachment = $file;
        $eventdata->attachname = str_replace(' ', '_', $badge->name) . ".png";

        message_send($eventdata);
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    } else {
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        message_send($eventdata);
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    }

    // Notify badge creator about the award if they receive notifications every time.
    if ($badge->notification == 1) {
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        $userfrom = core_user::get_noreply_user();
        $userfrom->maildisplay = true;

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        $creator = $DB->get_record('user', array('id' => $badge->usercreated), '*', MUST_EXIST);
        $a = new stdClass();
        $a->user = fullname($userto);
        $a->link = $issuedlink;
        $creatormessage = get_string('creatorbody', 'badges', $a);
        $creatorsubject = get_string('creatorsubject', 'badges', $badge->name);

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        $eventdata = new \core\message\message();
        $eventdata->courseid          = $badge->courseid;
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        $eventdata->component         = 'moodle';
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        $eventdata->name              = 'badgecreatornotice';
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        $eventdata->userfrom          = $userfrom;
        $eventdata->userto            = $creator;
        $eventdata->notification      = 1;
        $eventdata->subject           = $creatorsubject;
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        $eventdata->fullmessage       = html_to_text($creatormessage);
        $eventdata->fullmessageformat = FORMAT_HTML;
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        $eventdata->fullmessagehtml   = $creatormessage;
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        $eventdata->smallmessage      = '';
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        message_send($eventdata);
        $DB->set_field('badge_issued', 'issuernotified', time(), array('badgeid' => $badge->id, 'userid' => $userid));
    }
}

/**
 * Caclulates date for the next message digest to badge creators.
 *
 * @param in $schedule Type of message schedule BADGE_MESSAGE_DAILY|BADGE_MESSAGE_WEEKLY|BADGE_MESSAGE_MONTHLY.
 * @return int Timestamp for next cron
 */
function badges_calculate_message_schedule($schedule) {
    $nextcron = 0;

    switch ($schedule) {
        case BADGE_MESSAGE_DAILY:
            $nextcron = time() + 60 * 60 * 24;
            break;
        case BADGE_MESSAGE_WEEKLY:
            $nextcron = time() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 7;
            break;
        case BADGE_MESSAGE_MONTHLY:
            $nextcron = time() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 7 * 30;
            break;
    }

    return $nextcron;
}

/**
 * Replaces variables in a message template and returns text ready to be emailed to a user.
 *
 * @param string $message Message body.
 * @return string Message with replaced values
 */
function badge_message_from_template($message, $params) {
    $msg = $message;
    foreach ($params as $key => $value) {
        $msg = str_replace("%$key%", $value, $msg);
    }

    return $msg;
}

/**
 * Get all badges.
 *
 * @param int Type of badges to return
 * @param int Course ID for course badges
 * @param string $sort An SQL field to sort by
 * @param string $dir The sort direction ASC|DESC
 * @param int $page The page or records to return
 * @param int $perpage The number of records to return per page
 * @param int $user User specific search
 * @return array $badge Array of records matching criteria
 */
function badges_get_badges($type, $courseid = 0, $sort = '', $dir = '', $page = 0, $perpage = BADGE_PERPAGE, $user = 0) {
    global $DB;
    $records = array();
    $params = array();
    $where = "b.status != :deleted AND b.type = :type ";
    $params['deleted'] = BADGE_STATUS_ARCHIVED;

    $userfields = array('b.id, b.name, b.status');
    $usersql = "";
    if ($user != 0) {
        $userfields[] = 'bi.dateissued';
        $userfields[] = 'bi.uniquehash';
        $usersql = " LEFT JOIN {badge_issued} bi ON b.id = bi.badgeid AND bi.userid = :userid ";
        $params['userid'] = $user;
        $where .= " AND (b.status = 1 OR b.status = 3) ";
    }
    $fields = implode(', ', $userfields);

    if ($courseid != 0 ) {
        $where .= "AND b.courseid = :courseid ";
        $params['courseid'] = $courseid;
    }

    $sorting = (($sort != '' && $dir != '') ? 'ORDER BY ' . $sort . ' ' . $dir : '');
    $params['type'] = $type;

    $sql = "SELECT $fields FROM {badge} b $usersql WHERE $where $sorting";
    $records = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, $params, $page * $perpage, $perpage);

    $badges = array();
    foreach ($records as $r) {
        $badge = new badge($r->id);
        $badges[$r->id] = $badge;
        if ($user != 0) {
            $badges[$r->id]->dateissued = $r->dateissued;
            $badges[$r->id]->uniquehash = $r->uniquehash;
        } else {
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            $badges[$r->id]->awards = $DB->count_records_sql('SELECT COUNT(b.userid)
                                        FROM {badge_issued} b INNER JOIN {user} u ON b.userid = u.id
                                        WHERE b.badgeid = :badgeid AND u.deleted = 0', array('badgeid' => $badge->id));
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            $badges[$r->id]->statstring = $badge->get_status_name();
        }
    }
    return $badges;
}

/**
 * Get badges for a specific user.
 *
 * @param int $userid User ID
 * @param int $courseid Badges earned by a user in a specific course
 * @param int $page The page or records to return
 * @param int $perpage The number of records to return per page
 * @param string $search A simple string to search for
 * @param bool $onlypublic Return only public badges
 * @return array of badges ordered by decreasing date of issue
 */
function badges_get_user_badges($userid, $courseid = 0, $page = 0, $perpage = 0, $search = '', $onlypublic = false) {
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    global $CFG, $DB;
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    $params = array(
        'userid' => $userid
    );
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    $sql = 'SELECT
                bi.uniquehash,
                bi.dateissued,
                bi.dateexpire,
                bi.id as issuedid,
                bi.visible,
                u.email,
                b.*
            FROM
                {badge} b,
                {badge_issued} bi,
                {user} u
            WHERE b.id = bi.badgeid
                AND u.id = bi.userid
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                AND bi.userid = :userid';
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    if (!empty($search)) {
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        $sql .= ' AND (' . $DB->sql_like('b.name', ':search', false) . ') ';
        $params['search'] = '%'.$DB->sql_like_escape($search).'%';
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    }
    if ($onlypublic) {
        $sql .= ' AND (bi.visible = 1) ';
    }

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    if (empty($CFG->badges_allowcoursebadges)) {
        $sql .= ' AND b.courseid IS NULL';
    } else if ($courseid != 0) {
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        $sql .= ' AND (b.courseid = :courseid) ';
        $params['courseid'] = $courseid;
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    }
    $sql .= ' ORDER BY bi.dateissued DESC';
    $badges = $DB->get_records_sql($sql, $params, $page * $perpage, $perpage);

    return $badges;
}

/**
 * Extends the course administration navigation with the Badges page
 *
 * @param navigation_node $coursenode
 * @param object $course
 */
function badges_add_course_navigation(navigation_node $coursenode, stdClass $course) {
    global $CFG, $SITE;

    $coursecontext = context_course::instance($course->id);
    $isfrontpage = (!$coursecontext || $course->id == $SITE->id);
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    $canmanage = has_any_capability(array('moodle/badges:viewawarded',
                                          'moodle/badges:createbadge',
                                          'moodle/badges:awardbadge',
                                          'moodle/badges:configurecriteria',
                                          'moodle/badges:configuremessages',
                                          'moodle/badges:configuredetails',
                                          'moodle/badges:deletebadge'), $coursecontext);
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    if (!empty($CFG->enablebadges) && !empty($CFG->badges_allowcoursebadges) && !$isfrontpage && $canmanage) {
        $coursenode->add(get_string('coursebadges', 'badges'), null,
                navigation_node::TYPE_CONTAINER, null, 'coursebadges',
                new pix_icon('i/badge', get_string('coursebadges', 'badges')));
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        $url = new moodle_url('/badges/index.php', array('type' => BADGE_TYPE_COURSE, 'id' => $course->id));
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        $coursenode->get('coursebadges')->add(get_string('managebadges', 'badges'), $url,
            navigation_node::TYPE_SETTING, null, 'coursebadges');
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        if (has_capability('moodle/badges:createbadge', $coursecontext)) {
            $url = new moodle_url('/badges/newbadge.php', array('type' => BADGE_TYPE_COURSE, 'id' => $course->id));
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            $coursenode->get('coursebadges')->add(get_string('newbadge', 'badges'), $url,
                    navigation_node::TYPE_SETTING, null, 'newbadge');
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        }
    }
}

/**
 * Triggered when badge is manually awarded.
 *
 * @param   object      $data
 * @return  boolean
 */
function badges_award_handle_manual_criteria_review(stdClass $data) {
    $criteria = $data->crit;
    $userid = $data->userid;
    $badge = new badge($criteria->badgeid);

    if (!$badge->is_active() || $badge->is_issued($userid)) {
        return true;
    }

    if ($criteria->review($userid)) {
        $criteria->mark_complete($userid);

        if ($badge->criteria[BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL]->review($userid)) {
            $badge->criteria[BADGE_CRITERIA_TYPE_OVERALL]->mark_complete($userid);
            $badge->issue($userid);
        }
    }

    return true;
}

/**
 * Process badge image from form data
 *
 * @param badge $badge Badge object